How do we want to live? Imagining the future of urban neighborhoods with The Sooner Now
When (re)building a city district from scratch, the participation of its future inhabitants is key. Caroline Nagel, Benjamin Scheerbarth, and Oke Hauser share insights into their people-centered projects in Cologne, Berlin, and Shanghai.
In terms of ingenious living concepts, Copenhagen is often a city architects look to for sustainable and ecologically-minded urban planning. The Danish capital has set itself the goal of becoming the world’s first CO2-neutral capital by the year 2025. For Caroline Nagel, who hails from Mönchengladbach and studied architecture in Berlin, the city became the center of her life and work twelve years ago. Today, she’s employed at COBE Architects, where she is part of the management team and one of six project directors. She is currently working with her team on the urban development of Cologne’s Deutzer Hafen district. “We want to transform the former industrial harbor into a lively and sustainable neighborhood,” says Nagel.
The plan for this converted industrial port is a lively urban neighborhood with living space for 5,000 residents and working space for an additional 4,500 people. A new bicycle bridge over the Rhine connects the district with central Cologne. The innovative project utilizes new designs, converting abandoned industrial facilities, like an old mill, while still preserving the historical character of the original structure. Water also plays a big role in this community: not only is the building complex on the riverfront, a huge waterfall and a public swimming pool are also planned. “We wanted to continue the diversity of the old harbor area and transform it into a dynamic neighborhood,” says Nagel. She points out that the public spaces are playing an important role in developing the area, where the neighborhood, the people working and living there, and the visitors, can meet in parks, walk along the promenades and hang out in the urban squares. Having a focus on public infrastructure, cars should not dominate the new city district. Structures with flexible elements are also important—such as a parking garage with space for potential alternative uses—and lively street life with a night shop culture typical of the city of Cologne. Nagel is a proponent of cultivating personalized relationships with public spaces, otherwise referred to as “Kantzonen,” in which the residents have the opportunity to participate in the design of public spaces such as the patches of land between buildings and streets.
For Nagel, this is a prime example of how large-scale projects in metropolitan areas can be implemented in an ideal way. For one thing, converting old industrial structures is a forward thinking and sustainable way of building. Alternatively, when city districts are built from scratch, new opportunities present themselves. This is because, while transportation infrastructure is already established in existing city spaces, planning for an urban district can open up alternative solutions to mobility. Local residents should ideally be involved throughout the development process. During the initial planning phase of the Deutzer Hafen project, for example, various forms of dialogue with the community as well as public presentations were conducted early on: “That helped a great deal. Only by inviting the citizens and authorities themselves to discuss the city that they want to live in, can we hope to create a better, healthier, more social and even more attractive everyday living in our cities,” explains Nagel.
“We wanted to continue the diversity of the old harbor area and transform it into a dynamic neighborhood.”
Benjamin Scheerbarth also considers locals to be the real experts on their neighborhoods, and believes their participation should be cultivated, not just one of the steps in the planning process. Between 2016 and 2018, Scheerbarth was the project manager of the student housing and start-up center Eckwerk, which was to be erected on the Holzmarkt site in Berlin, but ultimately did not come to fruition. As a model project, however, Holzmarkt at the Spree River is still alive and well. For Scheerbarth, this is a working example of a social experiment on urban practices. “For me, it reflects how highly creative agents from Berlin subcultures took a piece of the city and made the public demands their focus.” The Holzmarkt is a creative village born out of the spirit of Berlin’s nightlife. “It takes creativity and the improvisational character of interim use and converts those into methods for sustainable development,” he adds. The legendary Bar 25, which closed in 2010, is still the secret heart of the project, because music plays a key role here. It is a place where music is produced, people manage festivals and record labels, book events, run a concert hall, and recording studios. Next to a nursery, artisan businesses such as a bakery, a coffee roastery, and a brewery have also settled here around a market square. In 2019, there are plans for a new guest house to be constructed on site.
For Scheerbarth, the creative village is a passion project that, in his opinion, no city planner or architect could ever have conceived of. The Holzmarkt is proof of one of his central convictions: a city must remain affordable for people who want to experiment. He still considers the symbiosis of living and working, as was intended by Eckwerk, to be relevant, but he also observes other impulses emerging in the younger generation. “Generation Z is more critical about the fusion of private and work life.” Still, in Scheerbarth’s eyes, creative work doesn’t follow a strict schedule and people will become even more nomadic in the future—a place like Holzmarkt welcomes this lifestyle.
Scheerbarth formulates his sights for future living as a work-in-progress: “We have to question traditional patterns over again and again,” he says. Our own life plans are also being brought into question: “My generation seems to have a hard time letting go of this idea that to live you need your own private 40-square-meters per person.” Scheerbarth is convinced that new forms of construction and housing must correspond to dwindling resources. In order to create more space in metropolitan areas in the future, he believes that inner cities also have to be condensed—without eliminating creative freedom. He remains skeptical about metropolitan areas focusing on the construction of open spaces on the outskirts of the city, resulting in. bedroom suburbs and even more commuting. “Instead we need to develop real, functional districts.”
“My generation seems to have hard time letting go of this idea that to live you need your own private 40-square-meters per person.”
The MINI LIVING co-living building in Shanghai, which will open in 2019, is proof that it is indeed possible to bring an imagined project to life, even in the center of a megacity. Since 2016, MINI LIVING has been creating innovative ideas for life in urban areas worldwide. Oke Hauser represents the initiative, acting as both Creative Leader and Project Manager. “We live in an age that is characterized by great international mobility,” says Hauser. He himself is a prime example. After working in Switzerland, Berlin, and New York, he’s living at least for the moment in Munich, but actually says his main residence is his suitcase.
The location in China will not be a one off; there are already plans in place for other cities. On a 8,000 square-meter site, a building will be erected that combines living and working space under one roof, as well as common spaces for leisure activities, culture, and social encounters. “Many people commute between cities and even countries, but there is no adequate housing supply that allows for short leases and still connects the temporary residents with the local culture,” adds Hauser.
The project in Shanghai is intended to fill those needs, providing very flexible and short term rental offers for as little time as one month. The building merges the different elements of a city, there are places to work, to exhibit. “We wanted a building that opens itself to the outside, it was meant to get in contact with the city, not through memberships, but an open door philosophy,” says Hauser. This concept could present an alternative to anonymous residential living. It is often the case that you only meet and interact with your neighbors by chance—in the corridor, in the laundry room, or in the elevator. According to Hauser, however, architecture must cultivate more meeting places, and this is the aim of his co-living building.
While the younger generation is more open to the idea of sharing, the housing market is lacking in this department. In Hauser’s opinion, the concept of shared living is often equated with dogmatic ideology and therefore rejected or dismissed. He pleads for a new perspective on the subject. “For me, sharing means having more.” This is especially the case for the project in Shanghai. “You rent your own apartment at MINI LIVING, but you have access to the whole house and have many additional perks. The philosophy could be characterized as ‘big life with a small footprint.’” In Germany, the amount of living space for individuals is increasing; it currently averages at 47-square-meters per person. Hauser does not consider this a sustainable solution. “With innovative residential structures, the focus is actually on providing less space per person.” He also still sees that there is untapped potential in metropolitan areas to implement major projects. “You have to have a creative eye for that.” It’s not the space itself that matters; it’s how you deal with it.”
“For me, sharing means having more.”
On November 20, 2018 Caroline Nagel, Benjamin Scheerbarth, and Oke Hauser are scheduled to appear at The Sooner Now in Cologne. With short lectures and a joint panel discussion, they will present their projects and discuss innovative urban development and future living concepts together with Miriam Pflüger from the Montag Stiftung Urbane Räume.
The Sooner Now is a joint initiative of FvF and MINI Germany, which has taken on the question of how we want to inhabit our cities in the future. Over the course of the year, roundtable discussions and lectures took place in selected major German cities. All editions can be found here. This year, the long-term cooperation is also supported by the design magazine IDEAT.